Queensboro Bridge


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The Queensboro Bridge, also known as the 59th Street Bridge, is a cantilever bridge over the East River in New York City that was completed in 1909. It connects the neighborhood of Long Island City in the borough of Queens with Manhattan, passing over Roosevelt Island. It carries New York State Route 25 and once carried NY 24 and NY 25A as well.
The Queensboro Bridge is the westernmost of the four East River spans that carry a route number: NY 25 terminates at the west (Manhattan) side of the bridge. It is commonly called the "59th Street Bridge" because its Manhattan end is located between 59th Street and 60th Streets.
The Queensboro Bridge is flanked directly on its northern side by the freestanding Roosevelt Island Tramway.
In December 2010, the city announced that the bridge would be renamed Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge to honor former Mayor Ed Koch.

In addition to the two rapid transit tracks, the bridge also had four streetcar tracks. The following Queens lines operated over the bridge:
Queensboro Bridge Local, 1909-1957 (last streetcar line in the city)
Astoria Line, 1910-1939
Steinway Line, 1910-1939
Queens Boulevard Line, 1913-1937
College Point Line, 1910-1925
Corona Line, 1910-1922
One Manhattan line operated over the bridge, the Third Avenue Railway's 42nd Street Crosstown Line from 1910 to 1919.

In popular culture The Queensboro Bridge has been referenced numerous times. The best known use of the bridge was from Woody Allen's film Manhattan, when Allen and Diane Keaton's characters relax on a bench in front of it at dawn; it became the film's poster image. In the 1932 Paramount Pictures film entitled No Man of Her Own, a light comedy film starring Clark Gable and Carole Lombard, Lombard's character looks out of her hotel window to a view across the East River and the Queensboro Bridge, and refers to "Blackwell's Island", now known as Roosevelt Island. It has been used in the credits of the television series Taxi, Archie Bunker's Place, and The King of Queens as well as being the backdrop of scenes in the films Escape from New York, Spider-Man, and Manhattan. In F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby and Nick Carraway traverse the bridge on their way from Long Island to Manhattan. "The city seen from the Queensboro Bridge," Nick says, "is always the city seen for the first time, in its first wild promise of all the mystery and the beauty in the world".
The Simon & Garfunkel song "The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy)" uses the bridge as its namesake. It is referenced in The Simpsons episode "You Only Move Twice", when Hank Scorpio destroys it to show that he's not bluffing. It is also cited in the Jack's Mannequin song, "Diane, the Skyscraper," on the Dear Jack EP.
The climax of the 1984 film Turk 182! takes place on and around the Queensboro Bridge.

After years of decay and corrosion, an extensive renovation of the Queensboro Bridge was begun in 1987 and is still in progress, having cost over $300 million.
The upper level of the Queensboro Bridge has four lanes of automobile traffic and provides an excellent view of the bridge's cantilever truss structure and the New York skyline. The lower level has six lanes, the inner four for automobile traffic and the outer two for either automobile traffic or pedestrians and bicycles. The North Outer Roadway was converted into a permanent pedestrian walk and bicycle path in September 2000.
The Manhattan approach to the bridge is supported on a series of Guastavino tile vaults which now form the elegant ceiling of the Food Emporium and the restaurant Guastavino's, located under the bridge. Originally, this open air promenade was known as Bridgemarket and was part of Hornbostel's attempt to make the bridge more hospitable in the city.
In March 2009, the New York City Bridge Centennial Commission sponsored events marking the centennial of the bridge's opening. The bridge was also designated as a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers during the year of its centennial anniversary.
The Queensboro Bridge is the first entry point into Manhattan in the course of the New York City Marathon and the last exit point out of Manhattan in the Five Boro Bike Tour.