Morningside Park



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Morningside Park is a New York City public park in the northern portion of the New York City borough of Manhattan. The 30-acre (12 ha) area occupies 110th to 123rd Streets from Morningside Avenue to Morningside Drive at the border between Harlem and Morningside Heights. Its distinctive natural geography is a rugged cliff of Manhattan schist rock. The Morningside Park came into existence as a cost-saving measure to avoid the expense of extending the street grid across difficult terrain.

The Morningside Park was first proposed by the Central Park Commissioners in 1867. The city commissioned Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux to produce a design for Morningside Park in 1873, but the plan was shelved during the economic depression following the Panic of 1873. In 1887 Olmsted and Vaux were asked to modify their original plan to accommodate changed conditions, such as the elevated railway station at 116th Street and Eighth Avenue, and construction of Morningside Park began.
Morningside Park is part of the New York City Daffodil Project, a 9-11 memorial. The thousands of daffodils draw visitors to Morningside Park in early spring.

Morningside Park is one of several promoted by Andrew Haswell Green that owes much of its design to Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. Twentieth century additions include playgrounds, basketball courts, and softball diamonds. Other features include:
Lafayette and Washington statue (1900) by Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, an exact replica of a statue in the Place des États-Unis, Paris
Carl Schurz Memorial statue (1913) by Karl Bitter and Henry Bacon
Seligman (Bear and Faun) fountain (1914) by Edgar Walter
Dr. Thomas Kiel arboretum
Waterfall and pond; residents and visitors include great blue herons, night herons, red-winged blackbirds, painted turtles, and mallard ducks
Morningside Park has basketball courts and a Baseball diamond field.