Juilliard


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The Juilliard School, located at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in the Upper West Side New York City, United States, is a performing arts conservatory. Juilliard is informally identified as simply "Juilliard," and trains about 800 undergraduate and graduate students in dance, drama, and music. Juilliard is one of the most prestigious performing arts conservatories in the world.
In 2007, the school received 2,138 applications for admission, of which 162 were admitted for a 7.58% acceptance rate. In the fall semester of 2009, the school had an 8.0% acceptance rate.

Juilliard manuscript collection
In 2006 Juilliard received a trove of precious music manuscripts from the billionaire collector and financier Bruce Kovner. The collection includes autograph scores, sketches, composer-emended proofs and first editions of major works by Mozart, Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Schumann, Chopin, Schubert, Liszt, Ravel, Stravinsky, Copland and other masters of the classical music canon. Many of the manuscripts had been unavailable for generations. Among the items are the printer's manuscript of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony, complete with Beethoven's hand-written amendments, that was used for the first performance in Vienna in 1824; Mozart's autograph of the wind parts of the final scene of The Marriage of Figaro; Beethoven's arrangement of his monumental Große Fuge for piano four hands; Schumann's working draft of his Symphony No. 2; and manuscripts of Brahms's Symphony No. 2 and Piano Concerto No. 2. The entire collection has since been digitized and can be viewed online.

Performing ensembles at Juilliard
The Juilliard School has a variety of ensembles, including chamber music, jazz, orchestras, and vocal/choral groups. Juilliard's orchestras include the Juilliard Orchestra, the New Juilliard Ensemble, the Juilliard Theater Orchestra and the Conductors' Orchestra. The Axiom Ensemble is a student run and managed group dedicated to larger 20th century works.
In addition, several ensembles of Juilliard Faculty, called Resident Ensembles, perform frequently at the school. These groups include the Juilliard String Quartet, the American Brass Quintet and the New York Woodwind Quintet.

The Pre-College Division
The Pre-College Division teaches students enrolled in elementary, junior high, and high school. The Pre-College Division is held on every Saturday from September to May in The Juilliard Building at Lincoln Center.
All students study solfege and music theory in addition to their primary instrument. Vocal majors also must study diction and performance. Similarly, pianists must study piano performance. String, brass and woodwind players as well as percussionists also partake in orchestra. The Pre-College has two orchestras, the Pre-College Symphony (PCS) and the Pre-College Orchestra (PCO). Placement is by age. Students may elect to study conducting, chorus, and chamber music.
The Juilliard Pre-College Division began as the "Preparatory Department" within the Institute for Musical Art. It is now called the Pre-College Division, with Olegna Fuschi as its first Director. The Fuschi / Mennin partnership allowed the Pre-College Division to thrive, affording its graduates training at the highest artistic level (with many of the same teachers as the college division), as well as their own commencement ceremony and diplomas. Following Fuschi, directors of Juilliard's Pre-College Division included Linda Granito and composer Dr. Andrew Thomas. The current Artistic Director of Juilliard's Pre-College Division is pianist Yoheved Kaplinsky.
The Pre-College Division gives Juilliard an important role in training the most talented young musicians at the highest musical standards. Juilliard Pre-College's graduates are counted amongst professional musicians, educated concert goers and financial supporters of classical music.

Juilliard Fundraising
The Juilliard Second Century Fund aims to raise $300 million to enable The Juilliard School to sustain its leadership position in performing arts education well into the school’s next century. Expanded and renamed on the Juilliard’s 100th anniversary, the fund supports six key components that will help Juilliard continue to recruit the world’s best young artists and faculty, offer educational programs that uphold the quality of a Juilliard education, and increase the size and functionality of Juilliard's physical plant.
Fundraising specifically targeted to the Pre-College Division began in 2004 with a benefit concert given by The Park Avenue Chamber Symphony. The event raised $90,000 to establish a Pre-College Parents' Association Scholarship Fund. In 2005, Juilliard produced its own benefit concert for the Pre-College Division featuring its own students led by faculty member Itzhak Perlman and hosted by Bill Cosby to add to this fund.
In April 2009, Juilliard was announced that the Music Advancement Program (MAP) would be curtailed due to budget cuts. After strong opposition to the cuts, the program, which helps inner-city children get music lessons, was then reinstated after several donors pledged money to support it.

Juilliard School History
The Juilliard school was founded in 1905 as the Institute of Musical Art. Juilliard was formed on the premise that the United States did not have a premier music school and too many students were going to Europe to study music. At its formation, the Institute was located at Fifth Avenue and 12th Street. In its first year, the institute enrolled 500 students. Juilliard moved in 1910 to Claremont Avenue in Morningside Heights. In 1920, the Juilliard Foundation was created, named after textile merchant Augustus D. Juilliard, who bequeathed a substantial amount for the advancement of music in the United States. In 1924 the foundation purchased the Vanderbilt family guesthouse at 49 East 52nd to start the Juilliard Graduate School. In 1926 it merged with the Institute of Musical Art under a common president, the Columbia University professor John Erskine. The Juilliard schools had separate deans and identities. The conductor and music-educator Frank Damrosch continued as the Institute's dean, and the Australian pianist and composer Ernest Hutcheson was appointed dean of the Graduate School. In 1937, Hutcheson succeeded Erskine as president of the combined institutions, a position he held until 1945. As of 1946, the combined schools were named The Juilliard School of Music. The president of the Juilliard school at that time was William Schuman, the first winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Music. In 1951, the school added a dance division under the direction of Martha Hill.
William Schuman graduated from Columbia's Teachers College (BS-1935, MA-1937) and attended the Juilliard Summer School in 1932, 1933 and 1936. While attending Juilliard Summer School, he developed a personal distaste for traditional music theory and ear training curricula, finding little value in counterpoint and dictation. Shortly after being selected as president of The Juilliard School of Music in 1945, William Schuman created a new curriculum called "The Literature and Materials of Music" (L&M) designed to be taught by composers. L&M was Schuman's reaction against more formal theory and ear training, and as a result did not contain a formal structure. The broad mandate was "to give the student an awareness of the dynamic nature of the materials of music." The quality and depth of each student's education in harmony, music history or ear training was dependent on how each composer-teacher decided to interpret this mandate. Many questioned the quality of L&M as an approach to teach the fundamentals of music theory, ear training and history.
William Schuman resigned his position as president of Juilliard after being elected president of Lincoln Center in 1962. Peter Mennin, another composer with directorial experience at the Peabody Conservatory, was elected as his successor. Mennin made significant changes to the L&M program—pulling out ear training and music history and hiring the well known pedagogue Renée Longy to teach Solfege. In 1968, Mennin hired John Houseman to lead a new Drama Division, and in 1969 oversaw Juilliard's move from Claremont Avenue to Lincoln Center and shortened its name to The Juilliard School.
Dr. Joseph Polisi became president of Juilliard in 1984 after Peter Mennin died. Polisi's many accomplishments include philanthropic successes, broadening of the curriculum and establishment of dormitories for Juilliard's students. In 2001, the Juilliard school established a jazz performance training program. In September 2005, Colin Davis conducted an orchestra which combined students from the Juilliard and London's Royal Academy of Music at the BBC Proms, and in 2008 the Juilliard Orchestra embarked on a highly successful tour of China, performing concerts as part of the Cultural Olympiad in Beijing, Suzhou, and Shanghai under the expert leadership of Maestro Xian Zhang.
In 1999, The Juilliard School was awarded the National Medal of Arts.


Notable Juilliard alumni
Music
Susan Alexander-Max, fortepianist
Bill Aken, guitarist, arranger, composer
Greg Anderson, pianist, composer, video producer, writer
Helen Armstrong, violinist
Şahan Arzruni, pianist
Lera Auerbach, pianist and composer
Nathaniel Ayers, bassist
Jenny Oaks Baker, violinist
Michael Balzary (Flea), bassist
Huáscar Barradas, flautist
Jonathan Batiste, pianist
Enrique Batiz, pianist
Robert Becker, violist
Hahn-Bin, violinist
Harold Blair, tenor and Aboriginal activist
Theodore Bloomfield, conductor
Donald Braswell II, tenor
Leo Brouwer, guitarist and composer
David Bryan, keyboardist of Bon Jovi
Anne Wiggins Brown soprano
Sheila Browne, violist
Sara Davis Buechner, pianist, recording artist
Igor Buketoff, conductor
Cosmo Buono, pianist and founder of The Alexander and Buono Competitions
Michel Camilo, jazz pianist
Barry Carl, a cappella bass singer, bassist, voice-over artist
Jonathan Carney, violinist, violist, conductor
Cameron Carpenter, organist, composer
Jesse Ceci, violinist
John Cerminaro, horn player
Sarah Chang, violinist
Robert Chen, violinist
Kyung-wha Chung, violinist
Myung-whun Chung, conductor and pianist
Van Cliburn, pianist
Dan Coleman, composer
James Conlon, conductor
Bill Conti, film composer
David L Cook, singer, composer and Christian comedian
Chick Corea, Jazz pianist
Robert Craft, conductor
Miles Davis, jazz trumpeter
Glenn Dicterow, violinist
Orlando DiGirolamo, jazz accordionist, composer
Alexandra du Bois, composer
Lawrence Dutton, violist
James Ehnes, violinist
Ruby Elzy, soprano
Michael Endres, pianist
Jonathan Estabrooks, baritone
Eric Ewazen, composer
Ralph Farris, composer, violist, violinist
Peter M. Ferreira, violinist
William Fitzpatrick, violinist
Renée Fleming, soprano
Mario Frangoulis, tenor
Gerald Fried, film and television composer
Sarah Frisof, flautist
Kevin R. Gallagher, guitarist
David Garrett, violinist
Tim Genis, timpanist
Ariana Ghez, oboist
Michael Giacchino, film and television composer
Herschel Burke Gilbert, film composer
Philip Glass, composer
David Golub, pianist
Eddie Gomez, jazz bassist
Matt Good, tubist
Midori Goto, violinist
Jason Grant, singer
Alan Greenspan, saxophonist, former chair of the Federal Reserve Board
Henry Grimes, double bassist.
Bruce Haack, pioneer in electronic music
Daron Hagen, composer, pianist, conductor
B. H. Haggin, music critic
Marvin Hamlisch, Broadway, television, film composer, pianist
Brian Haner, Jr., Guitarist
Lynn Harrell, cellist
Julius Hegyi, violinist, conductor
Bernard Herrmann, composer
Natalie Hinderas, pianist and composer
Stephen Hough, pianist
Joseph Howe, celist
Helen Huang, pianist
Frank Huang, violinist
Hao Huang, pianist
Monica Huggett, baroque violinist
Joseph Kalichstein, pianist
Sharon Kam, clarinetist
Michael Kamen, composer and oboist
Hyo Kang, violinist
Paul Kantor, violinist
Jozef Kapustka,pianist
Louis Kaufman, violinist
Nigel Kennedy, violinist
Jeffrey Khaner, flautist
Edith Killgore Kirkpatrick, music educator
Chin Kim, violinist
Euntaek Kim, pianist and conductor
Wladimir Jan Kochanski, pianist
Catherine Ransom Karoly, flautist
Rosemary Kuhlmann, mezzo-soprano
Fredell Lack, violinist
Albert Laszlo, bassist
Manny Laureano, trumpet
Paul Lavalle, conductor, arranger, radio show personality
Isabel Leonard, singer
James Levine, conductor
Cho-Liang Lin, violinist
Jens Lindemann, trumpet
Robert Lipsett, violinist
Andrew Litton, pianist, conductor
Ricardo Llorca, composer
Nicola Loud, violinist
Yo Yo Ma, cellist
Teo Macero, jazz composer, producer
Henry Mancini, film composer, conductor
Eugenia Manolidou, composer, conductor
Catherine Manoukian, violinist
Barry Manilow, singer & songwriter
Edvin Marton, violinist
Wynton Marsalis, trumpeter
Gulnara Mashurova, harpist
Audra McDonald, singer, actress
Christian McBride, jazz bassist
Susann McDonald, harpist
Thomas McEvoy, jazz horn player
Robert McDuffie, violinist
Stefan Milenković, violinist
Alexander Mishnaevski, violinist
Stephanie Mills, singer
Beata Moon, composer, pianist
Charlotte Moorman, cellist
Alan Morrison, organist
Nico Muhly, composer, pianist
Hiroko Nakamura, pianist
Paul Neebe, trumpeter
Pascal Nemirovski, pianist
Takako Nishizaki, violinist
Andrew von Oeyen, pianist
Noriko Ogawa, pianist
Santos Ojeda, pianist
Peter Oundjian, violinist, conductor
Thomas Pandolfi, pianist
Juliette Passer, music director
Rene Paulo, pianist
Miguel Franz Pinto, vocal coach, conductor, and pianist
Hila Plitmann, opera singer, soprano
Itzhak Perlman, violinist
Margie Pierce, harpist
Christina Petrowska Quilico, pianist
Daniel Pollack, pianist
Leontyne Price, Spinto soprano
Tito Puente, Latin jazz and mambo musician
Michael Rabin, violinist
Valentin Radu, pianist/organist, conductor
Einojuhani Rautavaara, composer
Steve Reich, composer
Graciela Rivera, soprano
Marco Rizo, composer, pianist
Elizabeth Joy Roe, pianist
Alan Rubin, trumpeter
Jordan Rudess, Dream Theater
Joel Ryce-Menuhin, pianist and psychologist
Lew Soloff, trumpeter
Rohan Joseph de Saram, conductor
Peter Schickele, composer, satirist
William Schimmel, composer and accordionist
Charles Schlueter, trumpeter
Gerard Schwarz, conductor
Hazel Scott, pianist and singer
Raymond Scott, composer, bandleader, and inventor
Kathryn Selby, pianist
Gil Shaham, violinist
Alan Shulman, composer and cellist
Tracy Silverman, violinist and composer
Jacques Singer, conductor
Lori Singer, cellist, actress
Emily Smith, violinist
Nina Simone, musician and civil rights activist
Leonard Slatkin, conductor
Vilem Sokol, violinist
Lew Soloff, composer, trumpeter
Liz Story, pianist
Jeffrey Swann, pianist
Walter Taieb, composer, conductor
Margaret Leng Tan, pianist
Louis Teicher, pianist
Alfred Teltschik, pianist
The 5 Browns, group of siblings, all pianists
Katherine Thomas (The Great Kat) guitarist, violinist
Ahmir Thompson, drummer
Ralph de Toledano, journalist and music critic
Ahn Trio, chamber music trio
Rosalyn Tureck, pianist, harpsichordist
Robert Vernon, violist
Joseph Villa, piano
Ezequiel Viñao, composer
Robert Ward, composer
Alexis Weissenberg, pianist
Eric Whitacre, composer
John Williams, composer, conductor
Meredith Willson, composer
Ransom Wilson, flautist, conductor
Mark Wood, electric violinist
Phil Woods, clarinetist and saxophonist
Yung Wook Yoo, pianist
Terence Yung, pianist
Eva Maria Zuk, pianist
Pinchas Zukerman, violinist

Juilliard Notable teachers
Albert Laszlo, bassist
Alfredo Corvino, Ballet Master
Anna Sokolow, choreographer
Andrew Thomas, composition
Antonio Ciacca, business of jazz
Antony Tudor, choreographer
Baruch Arnon, piano, graduate studies, chamber music
Behzad Ranjbaran, theory
Bella Davidovich, pianist
Bern Nadette Stanis, actor, dancer
Carl Schachter, Schenkerian analyst
Christopher Durang, playwright
Christopher Rouse, composer
Christina Jennings (flutist), flute
Clifton Taylor, theatrical designer
David Diamond, composer
David Soyer, cellist
Doris Humphrey, choreographer
Dorothy Delay, violinist
Earl Wild, pianist
Elaine Douvas, oboe
Elliott Carter, composer
Emanuel Ax, pianist
Eric Ewazen, composition
Eugene Levinson, principal bass of the New York Philharmonic
Frank Lévy, pianist
Gene Lockhart, Actor
Genia Melikova, Ballet
Gerre Hancock, organist
Giuseppe De Luca, Opera singer
Glenn Dicterow, violinist
György Sandor, pianist
Hanya Holm, choreographer
Henning Rübsam, choreographer
Henry Brant, composer
Homer Mensch, bassist
Hyo Kang, violin
Itzhak Perlman, violinist
Ivan Galamian, violinist
Jacob Lateiner, pianist
James DePreist, conductor
Jeffrey Khaner, flautist
Jeffrey Milarsky, music director, AXIOM Ensemble
Jerome Lowenthal, pianist
João Carlos Martins, pianist
Joel Krosnick, cellist
John Corigliano, composer
John Houseman, actor, producer
José Limón, choreographer
Josef Lhévinne, pianist
Joseph Alessi, principal trombone of the New York Philharmonic
Joseph Fuchs, violinist
Joseph Kalichstein, pianist
Julius Baker, flutist
Léon Theremin
Lewis Kaplan, violinist
Luciano Berio, composer, founded the Juilliard Ensemble
Maria Callas, Opera singer
Marian Seldes, actor
Marsha Norman, playwright
Martha Hill, Dancer, Director of Dance Division
Melvin Kaplan, oboist and founder of the Vermont Mozart Festival
Michael Kahn, director, acting teacher
Milton Babbitt, composer
Nancy Allen, harpist
Olga Samaroff, pianist
Orin O'Brien, double bass
Oscar Shumsky, violinist
Oxana Yablonskaya, pianist
Paul Jacobs, Organist
Percy Goetschius, theory and composition
Peter Schickele, composer, humorist, best known for his P. D. Q. Bach character
Robert Mann, violinist, Founder and first violinist of the Juilliard String Quartet
Roger Sessions, composer, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Music
Rosina Lhévinne, pianist
Samuel Adler, composer
Santos Ojeda, pianist
Sharon Isbin, classical guitar
Simon Estes, opera singer
Simon Kovar, bassoonist
Sixten Ehrling, conductor
Stefan Wolpe, composer
Teddy Wilson, pianist
Timothy Cobb, double bass
Tony Kushner, playwright
Tracie Thoms, actress
Vincent Persichetti, composer
William Schimmel, composer, accordionist
William Schuman, composer, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Music, founder of the Juilliard String Quartet
William Vacchiano, trumpeter
Wynton Marsalis, improvisation and trumpet
Yoheved Kaplinsky, pianist

Juilliard Drama & Dance
Jeffrey Carlson, actor
Jennifer Carpenter, actress
Jessica Chastain, actress
Lynn Collins, actress
David Conrad, actor
Kevin Conroy, voice actor
Marcia Cross, actress
Viola Davis, actress
Ricardo Diaz, actor
Megan Dodds, actress
Nelsan Ellis, actor
Robert Garland, choreographer
Thomas Gibson, actor
Kelsey Grammer, actor
Dan Green, actor
John Gremillion, voice actor
Brian Hargrove, writer, producer
Harriet Sansom Harris, actress
Freddie Herko, dancer
Cynthia Diana Morales, dancer and actress
Glenn Howerton, actor
William Hurt, actor
Gillian Jacobs, actress
Gregory Jbara, actor
Oscar Isaac, actor
Val Kilmer, actor
Kevin Kline, actor
Linda Kozlowski, actress
Eriq La Salle, actor
Laura Linney, actress
Patti LuPone, actress and singer
Luke Macfarlane, actor
Anthony Mackie, actor
James Marsters, actor
Leigh McCloskey, actor, artist
Audra McDonald, musical theatre performer
Kelly McGillis, actress
Elizabeth McGovern, actress
Robert Duncan McNeill, actor
Kurt Naebig, actor
Bebe Neuwirth, actress
Clancy O'Connor, actor
Lee Pace, actor
Mandy Patinkin, actor
Carrie Preston, actor, director, producer
Sara Ramirez, actress
Wes Ramsey, actor
Adam Rapp, playwright and author
Ben Rappaport, actor
Monica Raymund, actress
Elizabeth Reaser, actress
Christopher Reeve, actor
Ving Rhames, actor
Henning Rübsam, choreographer
Marla Schaffel, musical theatre actress
Judson Scott, actor
Brian J. Smith, actor
Kevin Spacey, actor
Bern Nadette Stanis, actress, dancer
Jack Stehlin, actor
Mary Stein, actor and healer
David Ogden Stiers, actor
Elizabeth Sung, actress
Paul Taylor, choreographer
Tracie Thoms, actress
Jeanne Tripplehorn, actress
Alan Tudyk, actor
Michael Urie, actor
James Vasquez, actor, writer, director
Benjamin Walker (actor), actor
Rutina Wesley, actress, dancer
Bradley Whitford, actor
Robin Williams, comedian, actor

Juilliard Resident ensembles
American Brass Quintet
Juilliard String Quartet

Presidents of the Juilliard School
Joseph W. Polisi (1984-)
Peter Mennin (1962–1984)
William Schuman (1946–1961)
Ernest Hutcheson
Frank Damrosch