East Village The

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East Village, Houston Street to East 14th Street, and the East River toBowery.
East Village Information:
The East Village is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City which lies east of Greenwich Village, south of Gramercy and Stuyvesant Town, and north of the Lower East Side. Within the East Village are several smaller neighborhoods, including Alphabet City and The Bowery.

The East Village area was once generally considered to be part of the Lower East Side, but began to develop its own identity and culture in the 1960s, when many artists, musicians, students and hippies began to move into the area, attracted by cheap rents and the base of Beatniks that had lived there since the 1950s. The East Village neighborhood has become a center of the counterculture in New York, and is known as the birthplace and historical home of many artistic movements, including punk rock and the Nuyorican literary movement. The East Village has also been the site of protests and riots.

The East Village is still known for its diverse community, vibrant nightlife and artistic sensibility, although in recent decades gentrification has changed the character of the neighborhood somewhat.

East Village Boundaries
Definitions vary, still the East Village is considered to be the area east of Broadway and the Bowery to the East River, between 14th Street and Houston Street.

East Village Evolution into a new neighborhood:
According to the New York Times, a 1964 guide called Earl Wilson's New York wrote that "artists, poets and promoters of coffeehouses from Greenwich Village are trying to remelt the neighborhood under the high-sounding name of 'East Village.'"
Newcomers and real estate brokers popularized the new name, and the term was adopted by the popular media by the mid-1960s. In 1966 a weekly newspaper, The East Village Other, appeared and the New York Times declared that the neighborhood "had come to be known" as the East Village in the June 5, 1967 edition.
Until the mid-1960s, the area was simply the northern part of the Lower East Side, with a similar culture of immigrant, working class life. In the 1950s the migration of Beatniks into the neighborhood later attracted hippies, musicians and artists well into 1960s. The area was dubbed the "East Village", to dissociate it from the image of slums coined by the Lower East Side.

East Village music scene develops:

In 1966 Andy Warhol promoted a series of multi-media shows, entitled "The Exploding Plastic Inevitable", and featuring the music of the Velvet Underground, in a Polish ballroom on St. Marks Place. On June 27, 1967, the Electric Circus opened in the same space with a benefit for the Children's Recreation Foundation whose chairman was Bobby Kennedy). The Grateful Dead, The Chambers Brothers, Sly & the Family Stone and the Allman Brothers were among the many rock bands that performed there before it closed in 1971.
On March 8, 1968 Bill Graham opened the Fillmore East in what had been a Yiddish Theatre on Second Avenue at East 6th Street. The venue quickly became known as "The Church of Rock and Roll", with two-show concerts several nights a week. While booking many of the same bands that had played the Electric Circus, Graham particularly used the venue – and its West Coast counterpart to establish new British bands like The Who, Pink Floyd, The Jimi Hendrix Experience, Cream, and Led Zeppelin. The Fillmore East also closed in 1971.
CBGB, the nightclub considered by some to be the birthplace of punk music, was located in the neighborhood, as was the early punk standby A7. No Wave and New York hardcore also emerged in the area's clubs. Among the many important bands and singers who got their start at these clubs and other venues in downtown Manhattan were Madonna, Patti Smith, Arto Lindsay, the Ramones, Blondie, Television, Talking Heads, the Plasmatics, Glenn Danzig, Sonic Youth, the Beastie Boys, Anthrax, and The Strokes.
Some icons of the punk scene remained in the neighborhood as it changed. Richard Hell lives in the same apartment he has lived in since the 1970s, and Handsome Dick Manitoba of The Dictators owns and reigns over Manitoba's bar on Avenue B.

East Village The art scene:
Over the last 100 years, the East Village, and the Lower East Side, have contributed significantly to American arts and culture in New York. The East Village neighborhood has been the birthplace of cultural icons and movements from the American gangster to the Warhol Superstars, folk music to punk rock, anti-folk to hip-hop, advanced education to organized activism, experimental theater to the Beatnick Generation and the community of experimental musicians, composers and improvisers now loosely known as the Downtown Scene.
Club 57, on St. Marks Place, was an important incubator for performance art and visual art in the late 1970s and early 1980s; followed by Now Gallery, 8BC and ABC No Rio.
During the 1980s the East Village art gallery scene helped to galvanize a new post-modern art in America; showing such artists as Kiki Smith, Peter Halley, Keith Haring, Stephen Lack, Greer Lankton, Joseph Nechvatal, Nan Goldin, Jean-Michel Basquiat, David Wojnarowicz, Rick Prol, and Jeff Koons.
East Village Decline of the art scene
From 2004 until 2009, the art gallery American Painting, located on East 6th St., between 2nd and 3rd Avenues, exhibited the works of several New York and American artists, namely, Andrei Kushnir, Michele Martin Taylor, Carol Spils, Barbara Nuss, Joachim Marx, Stevens Jay Carter and Michael Francis. One of their last exhibits, "East Village Afternoon," depicted local interiors, exterios, and scenes of the changing neighborhood. The East Village's performance and art scene has declined since its heyday in the 1970s and 1980s. One club that had opened to try to resurrect the neighborhood's past artistic prominence was Mo Pitkins' House of Satisfaction, part-owned by Jimmy Fallon of Saturday Night Live. It closed its doors in 2007, and was seen by many as another sign of the continued decline of the East Village performance and art scene, which has shifted in part to Williamsburg in Brooklyn. Rapture Cafe also shut down in April 2008, and the neighborhood lost an important performance space and gathering ground for the gay community. There are still some performance spaces, such as Sidewalk Cafe on Avenue A, where downtown acts find space to exhibit their talent, and the poetry clubs.

East Village Rent Musical:
The East Village is the setting for Jonathan Larson's musical Rent which captures the neighborhood in the early 1990s; it opened at the New York Theater Workshop in February 1996. Rent describes a city devastated by the AIDS epidemic, drugs and high crime, and follows several characters in their efforts to make livings as artists.

East Village Socio-Cultural Changes:
This process, called gentrification, has occurred in SoHo and TriBeCa and has started in Williamsburg in Brooklyn has often been the pattern in Manhattan, a neighborhood which is "discovered" by artists and bohemians and then becomes "hip", will often begin to attract more affluent residents, which drives up the price of housing, and begins to drive out some of the very people who "turned over" the neighborhood. Over the course of time, it begins to change the essential character of the neighborhood, which becomes safer, more comfortable and less "edgy".

East Village New York University:
NYU has often been at odds with residents of both the East and West Villages; urban preservationist Jane Jacobs battled the school in the 1960s."She spoke of how universities and hospitals often had a special kind of hubris reflected in the fact that they often thought it was OK to destroy a neighborhood to suit their needs," said Andrew Berman of the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation. Along with gentrification, the East Village has seen an increase in the number of buildings owned and maintained by New York University, particularly dormitories for undergraduate students, and this influx has given rise to conflict between the community and the university. St. Ann's Church, a rusticated-stone structure with a Romanesque tower on East 12th Street that dated to 1847, was sold to NYU to make way for a 26-story, 700 bed dormitory. After community protest about the destruction of the church, the university promised to protect and maintain the original facade which it did, literally by having it stand alone in front of the new building, which is the tallest structure in the area. NYU's destruction or purchasing of many historic buildings – such as the Peter Cooper Post Office – have made it symbolic of change that many long-time residents fear is destroying what made the neighborhood interesting and attractive. "I live on Avenue B and 9th Street", an NYU student said. "I know I'm part of the problem - gentrification that is. But where am I supposed to live?"

Neighborhoods within the East Village: The East Village contains several smaller vibrant communities, each with their own character.
Alphabet City name comes from Avenues A, B, C, and D, the only avenues in Manhattan to have single-letter names. It is bordered by Houston Street to the south and 14th Street to the north. Some landmarks with Alphabet City include Tompkins Square Park and the Nuyorican Poets Cafe. Alphabet City comprises nearly two-thirds of the East Village, and was once the archetype of a dangerous New York City neighborhood. Its turn-around was cause for The New York Times to observe in 2005 that Alphabet City went "from a drug-infested no man's land to the epicenter of downtown cool."
Loisaida is a term derived from the Latino, and especially Nuyorican, pronunced "Lower East Side". The term was originally coined by poet/activist, Bittman "Bimbo" Rivas in his 1974 poem "Loisaida". Loisaida Avenue is now an alternative name for Avenue C in the Alphabet City neighborhood of New York City, whose population has largely been Hispanic (mainly Nuyorican) since the late 1960s.
St. Marks Place Eighth Street becomes St. Marks Place east of Third Avenue. It once had the cachet of Sutton Place, and was known as a secluded rich enclave in Manhattan, but by the 1850s had become a place for boarding houses and a German immigrant community. It is named after St Mark's Church in-the-Bowery, which was built on Stuyvesant Street but is now on 10th Street. St. Marks Place once began at the intersection of the Bowery and Stuyvesant Street, but today the street runs from Third Avenue to Avenue A. Japanese street culture and a Japanese expatriate scene forms in the noodle shops and bars that line the street, also home to an aged punk culture and CBGB's new store. It is home to one of the only Automats in New York City (it has since closed).
St. Marks Place is along the "Mosaic Trail", a trail of 80 mosaic-encrusted lampposts that runs from Broadway down Eighth Street to Avenue A, to Fourth Street and then back to Eighth Street. The project was undertaken by East Village public artist Jim Power, known as the "Mosaic Man".
Today, the Bowery has become a boulevard of new luxury condominiums. It also is home to the Amato Opera and the Bowery Poetry Club, contributing to the neighborhood's reputation as a place for artistic talent. Artists Amiri Baraka and Taylor Mead hold regular readings and performances in the area.
The redevelopment of the avenue from flophouses to luxury condominiums has met with resistance from long-term residents, who agree the neighborhood has improved, but that its unique, gritty character is also disappearing.
The Bowery, former home to the punk-rock nightclub CBGB, was once known for its many homeless shelters, drug rehabilitation centers and bars. The phrase "On The Bowery", which has since fallen into disuse, was a generic way to say one was down-and-out.
The Bow’ry, The Bow’ry!
They say such things,
and they do strange things
on the Bow’ry —From the musical A Trip to Chinatown, 1891

East Village Parks and green areas
East River Park The park is 57 acres that runs along the Franklin D. Roosevelt Drive from Montgomery Street to East 12th Street. It was designed in the 1930s by Robert Moses, who wanted to ensure there was parkland on the Lower East Side.
Community gardens There are reportedly over 640 community gardens in New York City—gardens run by local collectives within the neighborhood who are responsible for the gardens' upkeep, and an estimated 10 % of those are located on the Lower East Side and East Village alone.
East Village Tompkins Square Park is a 10.5 acre (42,000 m²) public park in the Alphabet City section of the East Village neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. It is square in shape, and is bounded on the north by East 10th Street, on the east by Avenue B, on the south by East 7th Street, and on the west by Avenue A. St. Marks Place abuts the park to the west.

East Village Tower of Toys on Avenue B:
Designed by landscape architect Michael Van Valkenburgh, the garden opened in May 2008 as part of the New York Restoration Project and is designed to teach children about plants. Located at 603 East 11th Street, the Toyota Children's Learning Garden is not technically a community garden, but it also fails to fit in the park category.
The Avenue B and 6th Street Community Garden is one of the neighborhood's more notable for a now removed outdoor sculpture, the Tower of Toys, designed by artist and long-time garden gate-keeper, Eddie Boros. Boros died April 27, 2007. The Tower was controversial in the neighborhood; some viewed it as a masterpiece, others as an eyesore. The tower appeared in the opening credits for the television show NYPD Blue and also appears in the musical Rent. In May 2008, it was dismantled. According to NYC Parks Commissioner Adrian Benepe, the tower was rotting in sections that made it a safety hazard. Its removal was seen as another symbol of the fading past of the neighborhood.

East Village New York City Marble Cemetery:
The cemetery East Village is located in two different sites on 2nd Street between 1st Avenue and 2nd Avenue they are open the fourth Sunday of every month. The first and more prominent is the City cemetery, which is second oldest non-sectarian cemetery in New York City. The cemetery was opened in 1831 and at one point contained ex-U.S. President James Monroe. It sits next to the oldest public cemetery in New York City not affiliated with any religion, the "New York Marble Cemetery."

The East Village neighborhood was 35% Asian, 28% non-Hispanic white, 27% Hispanic and 7% black. According to 2000 census figures provided by the New York City Department of City Planning, which includes the Lower East Side in its calculation.

The late poet Allen Ginsberg, who lived and died in the East Village, attended the ceremony onn October 9, 1966, in which A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, founder of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, held the first recorded outdoor chanting session of the Hare Krishna mantra outside of the Indian subcontinent at Tompkins Square Park. This is considered the founding of the Hare Krishna religion in the United States, and the large tree close to the center of the Park is demarcated as a special religious site for Krishna adherents.

Some Roman Catholic churches in the East Village which have fallen to financial hardship particularly in the past decade. Unable to maintain their properties, the Roman Catholic Church has shuttered many of them - including St. Mary's Help of Christians on East 12th Street, as well as St. Ann's. There has recently been much controversy over St. Brigid's, the historical parish on Tompkins Square Park.

East Village Institutions, and Cultural:
Libraries

* The Fales Library of New York University[41]
* New York Public Library Tompkins Square branch[40]
East Village Museums:
* Museum of Jewish Heritage
* New Museum of Contemporary Art
* The Ukrainian Museum
East Village Poetry:
* Bowery Poetry Club – music, poetry, readings, slams
* Nuyorican Poets Cafe – music, poetry, readings, slams
* Poetry Project – at St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery
East Village Music:
* Bowery Ballroom – concerts and shows
* Mercury Lounge – live music
* Sidewalk Cafe – performance and live music
* The Stone – experimental music
East Village Theaters and performance:
* Amato Opera
* Bouwerie Lane Theatre
* Danspace Project – at St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery
* La MaMa E.T.C. – avant-garde theater
* Metropolitan Playhouse[42]
* Performance Space 122
* Stomp! - long running Off-Broadway performance
* The Ontological-Hysteric Theater – at St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery
* The Pearl Theatre Company[43]
* Theatre for a New Audience
East Village Other:
* East Village Visitors Center at 308 Bowery
* Cooper Union – speeches, presentations, public lectures and readings
Neighborhood festivals
* Charlie Parker Jazz Festival - August; yearly.
* East Village Radio Festival - September 6, 2008
* East Village Theater Festival - August 3–23, 2009.
* FAB! Festival & Block Party - Last weekend in September annually, Sept 25, 2010
* HOWL! Festival - September; yearly.
* Mayday Festival - May 1; yearly.
* Tompkins Square Halloween Dog Parade - October; yearly.

East Village History & Background:
Wealthy townhouses encompassed the dirt roads for a few decades until the great Irish and German immigration of the 1840s and 1850s. The area that is today know as the East Village was originally a farm owned by Dutch Governor-General Wouter van Twiller. Petrus Stuyvesant received the deed to this farm in 1651, and his family held on to the land for over seven generations, until a descendant began selling off parcels of the property in the early 19th century.
Speculative land owners began building multi-unit dwellings on lots meant for single family homes, and began renting out rooms and apartments to the growing working class, including many immigrants from Germany. From roughly the 1850s to first decade of the 20th century, the neighborhood has the largest urban populations of Germans outside of Vienna and Berlin, and was known as("Little Germany") Klein Deutschland . It was America's first foreign language neighborhood; hundreds of political, social, sports and recreational clubs were set up during that period, some of the buildings still exist. Still, the vitality of the community was sapped by the General Slocum disaster on June 15, 1904, in which over a thousand German-American died.
Later waves of immigration came to The East Village also brought many Poles and, espcially, Ukrainians to the area. Since the 1890s there has been a large concentration roughly from 10th Street to 5th Street, between 3rd Avenue and Avenue A. The post-World War II diaspora, consisting primarily of Western Ukrainian intelligentsia, also settled down in the area. Several churches, including St. George's Catholic Church; Ukrainian restaurants and butcher shops; The Ukrainian Museum; the Shevchenko Scientific Society; and the Ukrainian Cultural Center are evidence of the impact of this culture on the area.
The area originally ended at the East River, where Avenue C is now located, until landfill – including World War II debris and rubble shipped from London – was used to extend the shoreline outward to provide foundation for the Franklin D. Roosevelt Drive.

East Village Media:
Radio:

* East Village Radio
Local news
* The Village Voice
* The Villager
* East-Village.com
* EastVillageFeed.com
Movie theaters
* Anthology Film Archives
* City Cinema Village East
* Landmark's Sunshine Theater
* Two Boots Pioneer Theater
* Village East Cinema

East Village Famous people / residents present, and past.
* Ryan Adams – country musician
* Darren Aronofsky – filmmaker
* W. H. Auden – poet
* Jean-Michel Basquiat – artist
* Walter Bowart – co-founder and editor of the East Village
* David Bowes – painter
* Chris Cain – bassist for the indie-rock band We Are Scientists
* Julian Casablancas – musician
* David Cross – comedian, actor
* Candy Darling – actress, Warhol superstar
* Rosario Dawson – actress, singer and writer
* Negin Farsad – director, comedian writer
* Steven Fishbach – runner-up of Survivor: Tocantins
* Barbara Feinman – milliner
* Allen Ginsberg – Beat Generation poet
* Nan Goldin – photographer
* Ayun Halliday – actress and writer
* Keith Haring – artist
* Randy Harrison – actor
* Richard Hell – author, musician
* Abbie Hoffman – 1960s political activist
* Tom Kalin – filmmaker
* Agim Kaba – artist, actor, and director
* Allan Katzman – co-founder and editor of the East Village Other
* Kathy Kemp – fashion designer and entrepreneur
* Vashtie Kola – director
* Greg Kotis – playwright
* Paul Krassner – publisher: The Realist
* Tuli Kupferberg – one of the original Fugs and, Beat Generation poet
* Stephen Lack – actor, painter
* Ronnie Landfield – painter
* Greer Lankton – artist and dollmaker
* John Leguizamo – actor and monologist
* Frank London – composer, musician
* John Lurie – actor, musician, painter, producer
* Madonna – POP singer
* Handsome Dick Manitoba – singer, saloon owner
* Cookie Mueller – actress, model
* Joseph Nechvatal – digital artist
* Conor Oberst – musician
* Claes Oldenburg – sculptor
* Tom Otterness – sculptor
* Iggy Pop – Rock Star performer, musician
* Jim Power – artist, the "Mosaic Man"
* Daniel Radcliffe – actor
* Joey Ramone – musician
* Bill Raymond – actor
* Lou Reed – musician and songwriter
* Joel Resnicoff – artist and fashion Designer.
* Mark Ronson – musician
* Jerry Rubin – 1960s political activist
* Arthur Russell – musician
* Ed Sanders – New York School poet and one of the original Fugs
* ChloĆ« Sevigny – actress
* Jack Smith – artist filmmaker
* Kiki Smith – sculptor
* Regina Spektor – singer-songwriter and pianist
* Bobby Steele – musician
* Ellen Stewart – founder of La MaMa, E.T.C. (Experimental Theatre Club) in 1961.
* Rachel Trachtenburg – musician and, singer
* Rachel Weisz – actress
* John Zorn –composer and, musician