Columbus Circle

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Columbus CircleWest 59th Street and 8th Avenue - Central Park West.
Upper West Side, West 59th Street-110th Street; Central Park West to the Hudson River
From its inception, Columbus Circle has been a major transportation hub. Under it is the 59th Street – Columbus Circle subway station (1 2 A B C D trains). The buses M5, M7, M10, M20, and M104 all serve the circle.

Columbus Circle In Movies, and Media:
Columbus Circle appears in a number of movies, including It Could Happen to You, The Devil Wears Prada, Eyes of Laura Mars, Home Alone 2, Taxi Driver, Die Hard with a Vengeance, Enchanted, I Am Legend, Cloverfield, The Other Guys and the end credits of The Odd Couple (TV series) .
Columbus Circle also appeared in the movie Ghostbusters as the site where the Stay Puft Marshmallow Man begins his trip towards 55 Central Park West, and is used as the somewhat serendipitous dominant location in the movie August Rush.

Time Warner Center, the world headquarters of the Time Warner corporation, is located on the west side of Columbus Circle on the site of the old New York Coliseum. The complex also hosts the Shops at Columbus Circle, Jazz at Lincoln Center, the New York City studio headquarters of CNN and the Mandarin Oriental, New York hotel. On the north side of Columbus Circle is the Trump International Hotel and Tower, with its famous steel globe. Immediately prior, the edifice had been an office tower, the Gulf + Western Building, housing the New York City headquarters of Paramount Pictures. Other notable institutions around Columbus Circle are the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Fordham University, New York Institute of Technology, the Professional Children's School, The Beacon School, The High School for Environmental Studies and the Ethical Culture Fieldston School.

On the northeast of Columbus Circle lies the Merchant's Gate to Central Park, dominated by the Maine Monument designed by Harold Van Buren Magonigle. An imposing Beaux-Arts edifice of marble and gilded bronze, it was built in 1913 as a memorial to sailors killed aboard the battleship USS Maine, whose mysterious 1898 explosion in Havana harbor precipitated the Spanish-American War.

The Hell's Kitchen and Midtown neighborhoods lie to the south and the Upper West Side to the north. The neighborhood directly around Columbus Circle is vibrant and eclectic. Within a half mile (800 m) are Lincoln Center, Central Park South over to the Plaza Hotel near Grand Army Plaza, Hearst Tower, Carnegie Hall, and the theaters of Broadway and Off-Broadway.

The address 2 Columbus Circle is where Actors' Equity was founded in 1914, in the old Pabst Grand Circle Hotel, a building torn down in 1960 in order to construct a distinctive new tower designed by architect Edward Durrell Stone to house the Huntington Hartford Gallery of Modern Art. Vacant since the city's Department of Cultural Affairs departed in 1998, it was listed as one of the World Monuments Fund's "100 most endangered sites". The building's radical transformation by architect Brad Cloepfil into the new home for the Museum of Arts & Design continues to raise hackles for the failure of the city's Landmarks Preservation Commission to hold hearings on its worthiness for designation.

240 Central Park South, the 1941, balconies modern apartment building across Broadway from the museum, is a city-designated landmark with a new addition atop its retail base, a green roof.

The monument at the center of Columbus Circle, created by Italian sculptor Gaetano Russo, is the point at which distances to and from New York City are officially measured. It was erected as part of New York's 1892 commemoration of the 4th centenary of the discovery of the America. Constructed with funds raised by Il Progresso, a New York City-based Italian-language newspaper, the monument consists of a marble statue of Columbus atop a 70-foot (21 m) granite rostral column decorated with bronze reliefs representing Columbus' ships: the Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa María. Its pedestal features an angel holding a globe.

Renovations to the circle completed in 2005 included new water fountains by WET, of Fountains of Bellagio fame; wooden benches; and plantings encircling the monument. The inner circle measures approximately 36,000 square feet (3,300 m2), and the outer circle is approximately 148,000 square feet (13,700 m2). The redesign, by the Olin Partnership of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was the recipient of the 2006 American Society of Landscape Architects’ General Design Award Of Honor.

Columbus Circle, named for Christopher Columbus, is a major landmark and point of attraction in the New York City borough of Manhattan. Completed in 1905 and renovated a century later, Columbus Circle is located at the intersection of Broadway, Central Park West, Central Park South (59th Street), and Eighth Avenue, at the southwest corner of Central Park, and is the point from which distances from New York City are measured. Columbus Circle traffic circle was designed by William P. Eno, a businessman who pioneered many early innovations in road safety and traffic control, as part of Frederick Law Olmsted's vision for the park, which included a "Grand Circle" at Merchants' Gate, its most important Eighth Avenue entrance. Columbus Circle is frequently used to name the neighborhood a few blocks around the circle in each direction.